Petroleum Product Testing

Petroleum, which literally means 'Rock Oil' or 'Oil from the Earth', was formed from the remains of plants & animals that lived millions of years ago (Pre-Dinosaur age) in a marine environment. Subsequent decomposition of those remains (over millions of years) by application of heat & pressure (due to burial) by deposition of sand & silt over them led to the formation of 'Crude Oil' or Petroleum. It is one of the 3 Fossil fuels, viz., Coal, Natural Gas, Petroleum, that occur in our nature, & is composed of a complex mixture of different types of hydrocarbons along-with a number of elemental impurities, like Sulfur, Nitrogen, Oxygen, etc. Due to wide variations in the origin of Petroleum products, they vary considerably in terms of their Physico-Chemical properties & appearances, from one Oilfield to other. Spectro provides an outstanding platform for carrying out tests of almost all the recognized elements of the periodic table. Whether the sample is a metal or a non metal or an alloy, we are fully equipped with all the instruments required for its quantitative as well as qualitative analysis. We practice traditional techniques like Wet Chemical Methods and also the instrumentation techniques for studying the prescribed parameters.

The separation of Crude Petroleum into its various individual fractions (called 'Petroleum Products'), like Petrol, Diesel, & Naphtha, take place in a 'Petroleum Refinery' by a process called "Refining", which consists of 3 steps: (1) Separation (2) Conversion & (3) Purification. There are 4 major types of Petroleum fractions, depending upon their Chemical Bonding patterns:

(1) Paraffins (2) Olefins (3) Naphthenes & (4) Aromati

Depending upon their usage, Petroleum Products can be broadly divided into 2 types, 'Fuel Oil' & 'Lubricants'. Characterization of these products in terms of a number of Physico-Chemical properties, like Viscosity, Octane number, Cetane number, Distillation range, is of utmost importance in determining the suitability of a particular Petroleum Product for the purpose of its intended use, transportation, storage, & other functions

Spectro Analytical Labs Ltd. has been serving its elite group of customers (in the Petroleum & Allied Industries) for well over a decade, by providing reliable & meaningful test results. It can also conduct customized tests, depending upon a client's specific needs. Spectro's credibility lies in its strict adherence to Quality Control Procedures (as per ISO 17025:2005), & its team of efficient & well-trained technicians/analysts who are well-equipped with the most sophisticated & versatile analytical instruments, to test a wide variety of Petroleum Products.

Some of the Petroleum Products Tested by Spectro are as follows:

  • Solid Fuels-Coal, Coke, Wood
  • Diesel-High Speed Diesel (HSD), Low Diesel Oil (LDO), Bio-diesel
  • Insulating Oils-Transformer Oil, Mineral Inhibiting Oil
  • Lubricating Oils-Lubricating Grease, Engine Oil, Gear Oil, Spindle Oil, Turpentine Oil, Brake Fluid, Gasoline, Kerosene
  • Hydraulic Fluids-Hydraulic Oil, Anti-wear Hydraulic Oil, Fire Resistant Oil
  • Carbon-Rich Materials-Activated Carbon, Graphite
  • Metal Lube Oil-Cutting Oil, Quenching Oil, Turbine Oil
  • Furnace Oils

Test Parameters of Petroleum Products (Routine & Specialized Tests)

Some of the Standard Test Methods, Protocols, & Specifications Adopted/Followed by Spectro are as follows:

  • Indian Standards (IS) of BIS
  • American Society for Testing & Materials (ASTM)
  • International Organization for Standardization(ISO)
  • German Standards (DIN)
  • International Petroleum (IP) Standards
  • Other International Standards & Customer-specified Methods
Major Equipments used for Testing
  • Automatic Bomb Calorimeter (Innovated by Spectro)
  • Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS)
  • Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS)
  • Gas Chromatograph (FID & ECD Detectors)
  • Gas Chromatograph (FID & ECD Detectors)
  • Proximate Analyzer
  • Ash Fusion Tester
  • Karl Fischer Titrator
  • Aniline Point Apparatus
  • Flash Point Apparatus (Abel)
  • Flash Point Apparatus (PMCC)
  • Flash Point Apparatus (COC)
  • K.Viscosity Bath
  • Pour Point /Cloud Point Apparatus
  • Red Wood Viscometer
  • Oil Breakdown Voltage (BDV) Tester
  • Dissolved Gas Extractor
  • Resistivity Meter
  • Tan Delta Meter
  • Oil Testing Centrifuge
  • TSS Filtration Apparatus
  • Carbon Residue Apparatus
  • Melting Point Apparatus
  • Congealing Point Tester