Textile Testing

Before a textile material or a product is put into market for consumer application, it needs to be checked and evaluated for its quality, reliability and performance. The properties of the material are checked on different stages of its production and practice under various conditions.

Routine process testing and quality record testing constitute the different classes of the testing that is carried out on a textile material or a finished good. Textile testing frames an essential part textile production and distribution.
With reference to the ever-growing consumer demands and complying with the stringent government rules & regulations, Spectro helps your products satisfy the entire requirement and helps maintain their quality and performance and minimize the risk associated with the material and secure the interest of consumer and manufacturer as well.

Purpose of Textile testing

  • For development & research purpose; the test results and observations help decide the route of production to be followed.
  • Selecting the appropriate raw material to maintain or enhance the quality of a textile material.
  • Regulating and supervising various processes such as spinning, weaving, dyeing, etc.
  • Quality & performance enhancement
  • Investigate the faulty material

At Spectro, we have a broad range of testing services for wide range of clothing and textile sector which include different types of apparel, garments, accessories, handbags, etc.

Types of Textile testing

  • Fibre test: identification of fibre length, elongation and strength, etc.
  • Yarn test: yarn count, strength, appearance, twist per unit length, etc.
  • Fabric test: thermal properties, air permeability, thickness, shrinkage, stiffness, elongation, width, crease resistance, number of ends and picks per unit length, weight of fabric per unit length, etc.

Paper, Leather & Textile Testing
Spectro is well versed with the latest technology of testing of raw material and product of a textile. We have a complete facility for testing of different types of textile materials.

Product test

  • Garments
  • Mattresses
  • Carpets
  • Luggage & Handbags
  • Different types of paper
  • Fabric
Tests for Apparel
  • Appearance after dry cleaning or washing
  • Crease resistance/recovery
  • Dimensional stability to washing
  • Flammability
  • Garment shrinkage
  • Oil and Water repellency
  • Print durability
  • Seam performance
  • Side seam twist in garment after laundering
  • Wash care labeling/li>
Mechanical Test
  • Tensile strength & elongation
  • Tear strength
  • Dry & Wet Rubbing
  • Bursting strength
  • Breaking Strengthe
Physical Test
  • GSM
  • Linear density
  • Diameter of fibre
  • Ends per inch
Chemical Test
  • Solvent extractable matter
  • Fibre identification
  • Moisture content
  • Dye identification
  • Moisture content
  • Dye identification
  • Colour fastness test
  • pH vale of water extract
Special Testing facilities we provide:
  • Flammability test
  • Azo dyes
  • Formaldehyde content
  • Phthalates
  • Nickel
  • Toxins
Heat Release Rate Test for Textiles

Textiles form a major part of transport structure and this makes the heat release rate test as a crucial criteria to be followed. Textiles are used widely in transportation like they are used in making seat cover, wall covers, belts, carpets, etc. Even though flame retarded foams are used in making the interior materials which are beneath the fabric covers that are used to enhance the comfort level, still there is a high importance to keep a check on the quality and performance of these materials.
The demand for high performance of the textile materials in the field of transportation is more in demand as compared to the domestic applications. This is because of the fact that the application of textiles in transportation sector is more rigorous as they have to withstand the harsh environmental conditions such as exposure to UV rays and daylight. Therefore the standards for flammability are made severe and especially when it is be established in the railways as fire can spread very rapidly and can cause significant losses to life and property.
Apparel fabrics which are for normal use are generally not flame retarded because of no stringent mandatory standards and lack of such demand by the consumer.
Drapes and curtains are oriented vertically in the interior furnishing and thus may ignite easily. That is why the rate of flame of spread of a vertically oriented fabric requires testing. These fabrics include wool, silk, cotton, polyester, etc.

Smoke Toxicity

The bedding fabrics and upholstery fabrics fall in the category of exposed part. The domestic fires get started by the smoking in furniture. Highly poisonous gases are released on burning a textile. Breathing toxic gases like Carbon monoxide gas is the major cause of deaths caused due to smoke poisoning in fire accidents.

Colourfastness & Shrinkage

Colourfastness on perspiration is one of the main concerns a textile product deals with and this is directly related to textile resistance towards dyes. Spectro undertake testing of textile for shrinkage and colourfastness as per National and International standards to ensure the quality, shape and size remains undisturbed after exposure to light, rubbing or washing. We perform the test of colourfastness to:

  • Perspiration
  • Washing
  • Rubbing- dry & wet
  • Chlorinated water
Oxygen Index

This test parameter provides a measure of the burning characteristics of textile materials which are intended for clothing. It determines the minimum required concentration of oxygen in a mixture with nitrogen which supports combustion of small test specimen placed vertically under the test conditions. The amount and type of fuel produced during the process of pyrolysis depends upon the type of textile. Different fuels which are produced get mixed with oxygen to get burnt and the oxygen required to support the process of combustion is dependent on each and every fuel. This makes it possible to arrange the different textiles in order of their ignitability in accordance with the oxygen required by each textile for combustion. This is what is known as the Limiting Oxygen Index (LOI). The percentage of Oxygen in atmosphere is 21% and thus the materials with LOI less than 21 burns readily and those having LOI more than 21 are not readily bunt.

  • ASTM
  • EN
  • DIN
  • ISO
  • BS
  • BIS

By using testing services of Spectro, you can be assured of the quality, durability and safety of your material and how your product will withstand in today’s competitive markets on the basis on performance and customer satisfaction. We can also assess the compatibility of different materials that constitute a final product.